Implementation for the 64 strategies will range from easy to difficult, depending on the resources and skills available as well as implementation history or experience. For example, Risk-Based Design, IT Integration with Key Vendors, and Building Information Modeling (BMI) are among the more difficult strategies to implement, requiring specialists. (RS245-1, p. 13)
Many of the engineering strategies create value by having an influence on phases prior to or subsequent to engineering, as depicted in the figure below. In all, 50 of the 64 strategies essentially represent linkages to other phases. This underscores the breadth of influence that engineering can have on the different project phases, along with the importance of the engineering manager’s role in understanding and promoting a broader view of engineering’s full potential. A complete tabular presentation showing the phase/phases supported by each strategy is presented in Appendix H of Research Report 245-11.
Common Barriers to Engineering Value – the research included an industry survey to better understand the frequency and severity of barriers to engineering value. The 10 most severe and frequent barriers to engineering value are listed below. Strategies to prevent overcome these barriers are outlined on the research summary.
- Inaccurate understanding of owner project priorities and objective preferences
- Suboptimal allocation of contract risks to contracting parties
- Lack of detailed definition of project work scope
- Lack of timely input to design process from all key stakeholders
- Lack of knowledge of critical owner-fabricator-contractor driven design package completion need dates
- Lack of knowledge of owner’s planned shutdown dates or of operations requirements near phased construction work
- Insufficiently detailed Project Execution Plan that is not understood or committed to by design team
- Insufficient resources that are not provided in a way to enable efficient deployment
- Lack of awareness of or misapplication of relevant Lessons Learned from previous projects
- Ineffective design QA/QC